Publications

For a full list of publications, please see my CV.

Hogendoorn, B., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2021): Why Do Lower Educated People Separate More Often? Life Strains and the Gradient in Union Dissolution. European Sociological Review.

Van den Berg, L., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2021): Explaining Cross-National Differences in Leaving Home. Population, Space and Place.

Forster, A., van de Werfhorst, H., & Leopold, T. (2021): Who Benefits Most from College? Dimensions of Selection and Heterogeneous Returns to Higher Education in the United States and the Netherlands. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Turek, K., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2021): The Comparative Panel File: Harmonized Household Panel Surveys from Seven Countries. European Sociological Review.
[OSF] [github] [project website]

Van Winkle, Z., & Leopold, T. (2021): Family Size and Economic Wellbeing Following Divorce: The United States in Comparative Perspective. Social Science Research.
[replication files]

Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2021): A New Look at the Separation Surge in Europe: Contrasting Adult and Child Perspectives. American Sociological Review, 86, 1–34.
[replication files]

Skopek, J, & Leopold, T. (2020): Educational Reproduction in Germany: A Prospective Study Based on Retrospective Data. Demography, 57, 1241–1270.
[replication files]

Van den Berg, L., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2020): Stepfamily Effects on Early Home-Leaving: The Role of Conflict and Closeness. Journal of Marriage and Family.
[replication files]

Büyükkeçeci, Z., Leopold, T., van Gaalen, R., & Engelhardt, H. (2020): Family, Firms, and Fertility A Study of Social Interaction Effects. Demography, 57, 243–266.

Büyükkeçeci, Z., Leopold, T. (2020): Sibling Influence on Family Formation: A Study of Social Interaction Effects on Fertility, Marriage, and Divorce. Advances in Life Course Research.
[replication files]

Van Scheppingen, M., & Leopold, T. (2019): Trajectories of Life Satisfaction Before, Upon, and After Divorce: Evidence From a New Matching Approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. [replication files]

Hogendoorn, B., Leopold, T., & Bol, T. (2019): Divorce and Diverging Poverty Rates: A Risk and Vulnerability Approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 82, 1089–1109.
[download replication files]

Leopold, T. (2019): Diverging Trends in Satisfaction With Housework:  Declines in Women, Increases in Men. Journal of Marriage and Family, 81, 133–144.
[replication files]

Stojmenovska, D., Bol, T., & Leopold, T. (2019) : Teaching Replication to Graduate Students. Teaching Sociology, 47, 303–313.

Van den Berg, L., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2019): Leaving and Returning Home: A New Approach to Off-Time Transitions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 81, 679–695.
[replication files]

Skopek, J., & Leopold, T. (2018): Explaining Gender Convergence in Housework Time: Evidence From a Cohort Sequence Design. Social Forces, 98, 578–621.
[replication files]

Leopold, T. (2018): Gender Differences in the Consequences of Divorce: A Study of Multiple Outcomes. Demography, 55, 781–797. [replication files]

Leopold, T., Skopek, J., & Schulz, F. (2018): Gender Convergence in Housework Time: A Life Course and Cohort Perspective. Sociological Science, 5, 281–303.
[replication files]

Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2018): Changing Sibling Relationships After Parents’ Death: The Role of Solidarity and Kinkeeping. Journal of Marriage and Family, 81, 99–114.

Leopold, L., & Leopold, T. (2018): Education and Health Across Lives and Cohorts: A Study of Cumulative (Dis)Advantage and Its Rising Importance in Germany. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 59, 94–112.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Schulz, F. (2018): Health and Housework in Later Life: A Longitudinal Study of Retired Couples. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 75, 184–194.
[replication files]

Van den Berg, L., Kalmijn, M., & Leopold, T. (2018): Family Structure and Early Home Leaving: A Mediation Analysis. European Journal of Population, 34, 873–900.
[replication files]

Leopold, L., & Leopold, T. (2018): Education and Health Across Lives and Cohorts: A Study of Cumulative (Dis)Advantage and Its Rising Importance in Germany. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 59, 94–112.
[replication files]

Skopek, J, & Leopold, T. (2017): Who Becomes a Grandparent – and When? Education and Fertility in Multigenerational Perspective. Demographic Research, 37, 917–928.
[replication files]

Stojmenovska, D., Bol, T., & Leopold, T. (2017): Does Diversity Pay? A Replication of Herring. American Sociological Review, 82,  857–867. [replication files]

Leopold, L., Leopold, T., & Lechner, C. (2017): Do Immigrants Suffer More  From Job Loss? Unemployment and Subjective Well-Being in Germany. Demography, 54, 231–257.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Skopek, J. (2016): Retirement and Changes in Housework: A Panel Study of Dual Earner Couples.  Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 73, 733–743.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Kalmijn, M. (2016): Is Divorce More Painful When Couples Have Children? Evidence From Long-Term Panel Data on Multiple Domains of Well-Being. Demography, 53, 1717–1742.
[replication files]

Leopold, T. & Skopek, J. (2015). The Demography of Grandparenthood: An International Profile. Social Forces, 94, 801–832.

Leopold, T. & Skopek, J. (2015). Convergence or Continuity? The Gender Gap in Household Labor After Retirement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77, 819–832.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Lechner, C. (2015). Parents’ Death and Adult Well-Being: Gender, Age and Adaptation to Filial Bereavement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77, 747–760.
[replication files]

Lechner, C., & Leopold, T. (2015): Religious Attendance Buffers the Impact of Unemployment on Life Satisfaction: Longitudinal Evidence from Germany. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 54, 166–174.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Skopek, J. (2015). The Delay of Grandparenthood. A Cohort Comparison in East and West Germany. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77, 441–460.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., & Skopek, J. (2014): Gender and the Division of Labor in Older Couples: How European Grandparents Share Market Work and Childcare. Social Forces, 93, 63–91.
[replication files]

Leopold, T., Raab, M. & Engelhardt, H. (2014): The Transition to Parent Care: Costs, Commitments and Caregiver Selection Among Children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76, 300–318.
[replication files]

Pink, S., Leopold, T., & Engelhardt, H. (2014): Fertility and Social Interaction at the Workplace. Does Childbearing Spread Among Colleagues?  Advances in Life Course Research, 21, 113–122.

Leopold, T., & Raab, M. (2013): The Temporal Structure of Intergenerational Exchange: A Within-Family Analysis of Parent-Child Reciprocity. Journal of Aging Studies, 27, 252–263.

Leopold, T. (2012): The Legacy of Leaving Home: Long-Term Effects of Coresidence on Parent-Child Relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74, 399–412.

Leopold, T., Geißler, F., & Pink, S. (2012): How Far Do Children Move? Spatial Distances After Leaving the Parental Home. Social Science Research, 41, 991–1002.

Leopold, T., & Schneider, T. (2011): Family Events and the Timing of Intergenerational Transfers. Social Forces, 90, 595–616.

Leopold, T., & Raab, M. (2011): Short-Term Reciprocity in Late Parent-Child Relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73, 105–119.